I am so thankful for all the support, encouragement
and trust the people of Cheshire County has placed on me. Being your
Sheriff is an honor and a commitment that I am ready to take on.
I will maintain this website as a source of
information and keep you posted of our accomplishments, goals, news,
mission of the Sheriff's Office and events. I will also use this website
to seek your input and support on issues that may come around and
have an impact on the services the Sheriff's Office provide.
As I go around talking to friends and family these
are some of the common questions I get:
Who is Sheriff Elect Rivera?
I was born in New York and raised in Puerto Rico.
In 1984 I joined the United States Coast Guard (USCG) and served for 5
years. After attending Basic Training in Cape May, NJ my first
assignment was to the USCG Cutter Apalachee. A Coast Guard Icebreaker
Tug Boat stationed in South Portland, ME where I spent 2 years. After
attending advance training in 1986, I finished my USCG career at Coast
Guard Station Castle
Hill in Newport, RI. My primary duty was coxswain (pilot) of Coast
and heavy weather boats. In 1989 I moved
to Keene, NH and married my beautiful wife, Jen. After moving to Keene,
I worked for the Cheshire County House of Corrections, Winchester Police
Department and the Keene Police Department. Retiring from the
Keene Police Department as a Lieutenant in 2012. While in Keene I also served in
the United States Army Reserve for 7 years as a Military Police
Officer and an Army Instructor.
Is it a Sheriff's Department or Sheriff's Office?
Black's Law Dictionary defines the terms as follows:
DEPARTMENT: "One of the major
divisions of the executive branch of the government... generally, a
branch or division of governmental administration."
OFFICE: "A right, and correspondent
duty, to exercise public trust as an office. A public charge of
employment... the most frequent occasions to use the word arise with
reference to a duty and power conferred on an individual by the
government, and when this is the connection, public office is a usual
and more discriminating expression... in the constitutional sense, the
term implies an authority to exercise some portion of the sovereign
power either in making, executing, or administering the laws."
The Office of Sheriff is not
simply another "department" of county government. The internal operation
of an Office of Sheriff is the sole responsibility of the elected
Sheriff. County department heads are subordinates to a county governing
body, because a "department" is truly only a division of county
government. The Office of Sheriff is a statutory/constitutional
office having exclusive powers and authority under state law and/or
state constitution. These inherent powers are not subject to the
dictates of a local governing body.
The use of the term "Department" implies being a
subordinate unit of government (i.e. subordinate to local government -
"delegated" authority from county government to a Department). The
use of the term "Office" implies powers and independent sovereignty.
www.sheriffs.org - National Sheriff's Association
What does a Sheriff do?
The duties and power of the Sheriff's Office are
New Hampshire Revised Statutes Chapter 104: Sheriffs and Constables,
and especially detailed in RSA 104:5 & 104.6.
104:5 Duties -
The sheriff and the sheriff's deputies shall serve and execute all writs
and other precepts directed to the sheriff's department and issued from
sheriff and the sheriff's deputies and bailiffs shall perform the duties
of crier of the court.
The sheriff's bailiffs shall provide adequate security in all state
courts, except the supreme court.
The sheriff's bailiffs shall comply with such background investigation
checks, physical and mental standards, and training appropriate to their
duties as the police standards and training council may require. The
council shall consult with the New Hampshire Sheriffs Association and
the administrative office of the courts prior to adopting these
104:6 Powers -
I - Sheriffs and their deputies shall have throughout the state the same
power and authority to serve criminal or civil processes, investigate
crimes and to pursue and apprehend criminals that they have in their
II - Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, sheriffs and their
deputies shall have authority to enforce civil orders issued by any
I will post my responses to these questions, so
please check back.
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Cheshire County Sheriff's Office
Sheriff Eli Rivera
12 Court St
Keene NH 03431